Federal Judge Orders Re-Opening of DACA
| 90 Day Delay Applies for Presidential Comments
| DREAMers Hope for DACA Restoration
A third federal judge on Tuesday April 24 overruled the Trump Administration’s order to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration program. This ruling on the DACA program will not take immediate effect.
Federal Judge John Bates delayed application of the ruling for 90 days. Judge Bates added the 90 day delay to allow the administration to make its case in a new memo justifying the end of the program.
DACA Ending was Ruled “Arbitrary and Capricious”
The decision made by U.S. District Court Judge John D. Bates stated that the Department of Homeland Security’s explanation for ending DACA was “too flimsy and ultimately, unpersuasive”.
In his 60-page opinion, Bates wrote, “DACA’s rescission was arbitrary and capricious because the Department failed adequately to explain its conclusion that the program was unlawful. Neither the meager legal reasoning nor the assessment of litigation risk provided by DHS to support its rescission decision is sufficient to sustain termination of the DACA program.”
DHS Has 90 Days to Reply to New Ruling
Bates said that if the government does not come up with a better explanation within the given period of time, the Trump administration’s order to repeal DACA would be vacated. At that time the Department of Homeland Security will have to “accept and process new – as well as renewal – DACA applications”.
In response to Bates’ ruling, the Justice Department stood by their original reasoning and said DACA is an “unlawful circumvention of Congress”.
“The Department of Homeland Security, therefore, acted within its lawful authority in deciding to wind down DACA in an orderly manner. Promoting and enforcing the rule of law is vital to protecting a nation, its borders, and its citizens. The Justice Department will continue to vigorously defend this position, and looks forward to vindicating its position in further litigation,” spokesman Devin O’Malley said.
Sept 2017 – President Trump Rescinded DACA
DREAMers were surprised in September 2017 when President Trump announced that he was planning to phase out DACA. His executive order allowed renewals till March 5, 2018. After that date, no new permits would be issued.
That left many DREAMers in a state of panic, as they would be exposed to deportation without DACA protections. And they would lose the work permits that came with DACA.
According to the September 2017 DACA ruling, DACA protection was set to expire on March 5, 2018. Eligible DACA recipients were given one month to apply for one last renewal. Reports state that this arrangement would have resulted in close to 700,000 people having their work permit and quasi-legal status expire over a period of two years.
Judge Bates’ ruling came after two district judges appointed by former President Bill Clinton in San Francisco and Brooklyn came to a similar conclusion regarding the matter.
History of 2018 DACA Rulings
Judges in San Francisco and New York ruled that legal challengers were likely to prevail in their arguments that the Trump administration acted arbitrarily and abused its discretion. The judges said presidents can change policy on issues like immigration but must do so in a more reasoned and deliberate way. And they said Mr. Sessions wasn’t correct that DACA was an unlawful action by Mr. Obama.
January 9, 2018
Judge Alsup in the U.S. District Court in San Francisco temporarily, and partially, blocked the Trump administration action, ruling that it had to continue processing DACA renewals while a legal challenge proceeds. It doesn’t have to accept new applications. USCIS announced it would abide by that ruling. The administration has appealed the District Court decision and said it would request a direct Supreme Court review.
U.S. District Judge William Alsup issued a preliminary injunction blocking President Trump’s decision to end the DACA program, which granted temporary reprieve from deportation to hundreds of thousands of such immigrants; often called “Dreamers.”
“Due to a federal court order, USCIS has resumed accepting requests to renew a grant of deferred action under DACA,” USCIS said in an update posted online Saturday.
“Until further notice, and unless otherwise provided in this guidance, the DACA policy will be operated on the terms in place before it was rescinded on Sept. 5, 2017,” the update said.
In his order on Tuesday, U.S. District Judge Alsup said that the Trump administration’s move to rescind DACA was done without following the proper legal procedures, and that the federal government would have to “maintain the DACA program on a nationwide basis” while legal challenges play out in court. DREAMers who have never received DACA protections, however, will not be allowed to apply, Alsup ordered.
“DACA has provided recipients with a major benefit, namely work authorizations for a period of deferral upon a demonstration of economic need. This has allowed DACA recipients to become part of a mainstream workforce and contribute openly to our economy,” Alsup wrote.
February 13, 2018
A nationwide injunction was issued by Judge Nicholas G. Garaufis of Federal District Court in Brooklyn. His action came one month after a court in California also ruled that the administration needed to spare DACA, or Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. Judge Garaufis’s ruling in many ways echoed the one issued by Judge William Alsup of Federal District Court in San Francisco.
But it also offered additional reasons for why DACA should remain in place as the case continues through the courts. And it detailed the harms that its repeal would cause to young immigrants and others.
February 26, 2018
The Supreme Court declined to take up an administration appeal that sought a quick end to the DACA program protecting young, undocumented immigrants who came to the U.S. as children.
The US Justice Department had requested the Supreme Court to consider issuing a DACA ruling, even though appeals courts haven’t yet ruled on pending cases in lower courts. The Supreme Court action was a rejection of the unusual request by the Justice Department.
DREAMer Applications for DACA
In 2017, the largest concentrations of those with initial DACA approvals were in California (28 percent) and Texas (16 percent), according to USCIS. About 5 percent of initial DACA approvals came from New York; another 5 percent came from Illinois, and 4 percent came from Florida. But there have been DACA recipients from all 50 states, plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands.
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