There are many immigration offices in the DFW area. Each of them serves a unique purpose to the U.S. immigration system and illustrates, through its various functions, how the U.S. immigration system operates as a whole.
Dallas USCIS Office: 6500 Campus Circle Drive East, Irving, TX 75063
The first is the Dallas Field Office for United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, commonly known as USCIS. USCIS is the immigration office responsible for considering immigration benefits. An individual submits paperwork to USCIS when he or she is seeking some form of immigration right—whether that might be lawful permanent resident status, the right to work in the United States, deferred action for childhood arrivals (DACA), naturalization to become a U.S. citizen, or any number of other immigration benefits and privileges. The web link for the Dallas Field Office includes driving directions and also lists the “Service Area” covered by the Dallas Field Office. “Service area” means, quite literally, the geographical areas served by the office. For example, if I am applying for naturalization with USCIS and I live in Ellis County, TX, I can look at the list and learn that my naturalization interview will occur at the Dallas USCIS Field Office.
The second immigration office is the Dallas Immigration Court, where deportation hearings are held. At the Court, attorneys from Immigration Customs and Enforcement (ICE) bring charges of deportation against an individual who is in the United States unlawfully, or who perhaps is in the United States lawfully but has committed some sort of crime. The individual charged with deportation can either be represented by an attorney, hired to defend him against deportation, or can choose to represent himself. The Immigration Judge makes the final decision on whether the individual can stay in the United States. The web page for the Dallas Immigration Court includes its phone number (214-767-1814) and its hours of business, among other helpful information. In addition, the Immigration Court operates a toll free hotline that people can call to check the status of their immigration court case. The number is 1-800-898-7180. The only information that must be provided to check case status is the person’s Alien Number (commonly known as the “A number”).
The third immigration office in the DFW area is Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO). ERO officers are responsible for carrying out the actual deportation of persons from the United States. After an Immigration Judge, for example, orders an individual deported, ERO officers step in to ensure that the individual is actually physically removed from the United States. ERO officers are also in charge of the detention of individuals who are in deportation proceedings. Bonds for release from immigration detention, for instance, are paid with the ERO office in Dallas. ERO officers oftentimes determine that an individual in deportation proceedings does not need to be detained, but still should be supervised. These individuals usually are required to regularly check in with the ERO Office, to demonstrate to the officers that they have not fled the area to avoid their deportation hearing. The Dallas ERO Office, as indicated on its webpage, is responsible for all individuals living in North Texas and Oklahoma. The phone number for the office is (214) 424-7800.
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